The parallel and mainstream cinemas are the two sides of a coin: one is dedicated basically to commercial success (Mainstream) and the other is dedicated to unleashing the social crisis, needs, and so on. The audiences of the both are distinguished. Only the classic-minded personnel entertain the parallel ones and the audience whose concentration is estranged to entertainment is prone to mainstream ones. Best movies blogs always distinctly marks the difference between the fancy and socially poignant film.
The cinemas of the entire world can be divided into two parts which are mainstream entertaining ones and the others are the parallel cinemas. If you look into the world of Indian cinema, you will basically get the mainstream cinemas in Bollywood (Hindi commercial entertaining cinemas). You will also find the same to Tollywood entertaining commercial movies where the audience is watching a super entertainment cinema of various topics.
The song, dance, nature placement, the foreign location, foreign faces and so many thrilling entertainments take place. These ones always attract the mind of the audiences with the thrills and suspense happened. The color and sound are also the most entertaining parts of everything. The people of all class, all age group can enjoy them much.
However, when you look into the intrinsic part of the parallel cinema, you will notice its internal message that touches the mind, touches the heart of the audience. Being inspired by Italian Neorealism, parallel cinema started growing before Japanese New Wave, and the French New Wave, and was the forerunner to the 1960s Indian New Wave. The first movement was inaugurated by the Indian Bengali Cinema and acquired the international acclamation. The filmmaker such as Satyajit Roy, Tapan Sinha, Ritwik Ghatak, Mrinal Sen, Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, Chetan Anand, V. Shantaram, Guru Dutt, et al. The trend of making films with the same string has been spread in all film industries in India and some parts of Bangladesh. If you look the other modern filmmakers in the same string, you will get the Rituparno Ghosh!
The parallel cinema obtains some serious topic with serious contents, classic realism, and different naturalism. The contents of the movies are always explained with symbolic elements observed by a keen eye on the socio-economical and socio-political climate of the time. Sometimes, the so-called entertaining song and music are rejected from these movies. These are the typical routines and rules of the parallel cinemas in Indian films as well as other film industries in the world.
If you justify it in terms of popularity, the audience will be divided into two segmentations: one is the regular audience and the other is the classic audience. The regular audience always prefers entertaining commercial movies and the other, the classic audience, prefer the classic parallel cinemas most. However, the fact is that some regular audiences also love to watch movies of the latter kind, and the classic audience also prefers to enjoy commercial movies. The mental stability and feelings change with the maturity of thinking. Therefore, the feelings of the mind of the people determine which sort of movie they will vote for. Still, for watching the movie based on classic thought is somehow centralized to the people of classic mind.
The Parallel Cinema holds the art of life that entails with social issues, the issues of the people of the remote locations, tribal people, and long rooted issues of the society to be removed or just is going to wipe out and so on. The regional language has also been engaged in the movie.
Films are like the opium in the Indian society. The people of Indian culture duly appreciate the cinemas of both types. They have appreciated the much the movie makers of the parallel types. They have appreciated Satyajit Roy, Tapan Sinha, Ritwik Ghatak, Mrinal Sen, and so on. Truly speaking, they have become the milestones of the next generation filmmakers of the classic type. The movies made by these Indian gems are shown in foreign countries to educate the students how to prepare good classic movies.
Popular parallel cinema and culture go together and depict the socio-economical and socio-political notion of the time. Films in the Indian culture have become the best social reformer for all ages and will be so for all ages to come. While the mainstream cinemas are full of fantasy, melodramatic, and rhetorical, the presentation of unreliable extremes is high; the presentation of real-life events and the real socio-culture have been presented without any polish of extremity.
In the meantime, it should be kept in mind that the definition of mainstream cinemas varies from country to country. If you look into the mainstream cinema in China, you will see that it does not mean the same as it means in an Indian environment. However, the Hollywood cinemas are considered the basic mainstream movies as these have been distributed in the entire world for making them entertained. Thus, the Hollywood movies have been acquired the mainstream ones for ages.
The mainstream films have been prepared all ages in all countries. This is going on spontaneously. However, the most renowned parallel cinemas have come to the Indian audience from the late 1940s to the 1960s. This period is considered as the “Golden Era” in Indian cinema.
Sometimes, the best movies blogs tag the parallel moves as “Art Films” or “Art Movies”. These movies do not have so-called heroes or heroines who are gorgeously play their parts. Later, here you will get more and more naturalistic character casting to show the reality of life-events. Here, everybody is the vital part of the movie.
Therefore, with the above discussion, you will get a clear idea about nature and essentiality or mainstream and parallel cinema.